Delat 6

 

TIPS AND THOUGHTS        

Del 6

 

Stutter neatly
Stutter neatly is something I created myself.  It was created in my brain like so many other words. Stig Lindh´s word workshop has followed me through life. I simply like playing with words. I even take them into my mouth and taste them to feel whether they are "right.” The concept of stuttering neatly puts me in a few other things as well. You're treated the way you are. If you are regarded as uncomfortable you get problems of various kinds and regardless of what you have to say.           

If for any reason you feel that it is comfortable with a faltering voice, the piece of advice is to stammer "neatly.” The issue is perhaps new. Are there really people who cannot cope with my stuttering? I'm inclined to answer yes to this. I think that we as stutterers perceive ourselves as weak and non-stuttering as strong. We take it for granted that they must be able to listen to our speech stammering as long as we think we need for implementation. For some reason they cannot.           

Soft repetitions of words or syllables can be OK, but noisy and cramped hooking where ticks are so severe that your face is contorted in spastic disfigurement can be daunting.       

Good eye contact is a must. You see him and he sees you. You observe him, but how does he react? Is it positive or negative? Learn from what you see.

Our basic needs      
As human beings we have fundamental basic needs such as food, drink and sex, which may surprise. Today it has become increasingly available as people have started using just the word sex instead of other less "nice" words that also sound badly.
Arne Jarric, a professor of history has thought about the issue and read all the literature that he has come across. He concluded that there was something more important that was missing “The need to be needed.” In the past you were needed automatically because you worked on farms and had to survive there. Today we work half as much as 100 years ago because the studies and other circumstances are reducing the number of years significantly. Upper class women often had no work. They devoted themselves to charity, which was a way for them to be needed.                     
Food, drink and sex are necessary for human survival. To feel good is also to be needed.         

Security is necessary                  
I remember the book "Love yourself,” a book that portrays the American conditions. Studies were done which showed that the success of the "pick" depended on how safe you were yourself. At that time I thought everything was possible to change if the will existed. In my solitude a few years earlier I had analyzed my situation and decided that I was safe in my insecurity. It was just going on in the wool stockings. Now I wanted to have success on the dance floor. The problem was to be safe when you really aren´t. Then I took out my acting skills and played safe. One day I stopped with it without really understanding why, but it did not work any longer. It was only when I worked on it all in the Identity therapy that I got the answer. Don´t we have the right to safety as stutterers? Do we always have to go at full speed? What happens when we are not able to correct everything that happens in the speech organs in the moment of speech? The questions are many. I imagine that security can mean different things for different people.                     

Social and economic security is concepts that are more understandable and concrete.       

Internal security is probably what I think of first. What is it? We who never have experienced it do not know what it is. I myself experienced it for the first time in Mallorca in the 60s. Suddenly I spoke freely with an unknown girl. When I think of that incident, I curse all work units. The work has no boundaries and the stress that in my case triggers stuttering can be really unpleasant.     

Job security is a rare luxury. Having the "back free" is difficult. Torment and stress may each one handle after his or her ability. Stress management can help some. To my knowledge it is a subject that people do not talk about at work.        

When it comes to stuttering therapy, two maybe three conditions are valid. One thing is to leave the security and try new fields the second one is to have the support that may be needed and, finally, an aid to lick your wounds and to get new forces.

What I mean when I talk about security is the security that some children in their youth receive from their parents. If you don´t have it as an adult it is difficult to usurp it. But one can always have it as a goal. If you do not know very much about the subject you should have guidance from someone knowledgeable in the field.                     

Security is not something that just comes. Expect to fight to get it. In addition, you must be purposeful.

 

Get To Know Yourself            
Find out who you are and what you want to do with your life. Does that sound pretentious? That is exactly what it is. To confront yourself with yourself you don´t certainly do in a hurry. A crisis may be the triggering mechanism. Begin by learning to put into words what is happening.                   

Once you have decided to find out who you are, you will find shortcomings. But you should know that you will do as you are with all your faults and shortcomings. Furthermore, you can always work on your shortcomings at appropriate times. At first glance it may be difficult to see what the real assets are. Take out a pen and paper and list what you are good at.           

You will discover that you are good and capable of more things than you could imagine.

Take yourself seriously         
Here is an example of thinking about something when the psyche wants something else. If you are talking on the phone, you must convince yourself that you both want and will speak with this person. The opposite is to wish but not be able to. In this case it means that you have decided to speak to this particular person. Once you have dialed the phone number and are waiting for someone to answer at the other end you feel uncomfortable about having to talk to the person in question. Here I think you should keep talking tough on the principle - have I put my mind to call it will be because I want to do it for some reason. I mean that if fear starts to take over you must take yourself seriously - push away the doubts with the thinking and be serious and say that you are here to call and do not want to be in another place in life, otherwise drop the hook and go there immediately. My discovery is that one can call and have emotions when talking on the phone and believe it or not - it works. The best thing is obviously to remove the split and become concentrated.

One should avoid being a slave to one´s emotions. Nothing could be further from the truth. If you have however gained a good life and have trust in your feelings, it is a great asset. Control your emotions to do what you really want to do. Concentration can never be wrong. When you take yourself seriously in the situation above, you can, over time, avoid the internal tug of war.          

Take yourself seriously is to respect yourself.

Who owns the problem?        
When you strain or feel ashamed the feeling of wanting to gloss over arises. The cat purrs not always as a courtesy. A smile that is interpreted as nothing has happened means that it has not happened, at least not as much as what really was happening.    

Now we have come to the conclusion that what has not happened has become a problem, at least for those who "happened" to stutter. Has the other person had the right idea about me, does he think the right things about me, is grinding in the head? What is happening now is that the stuttering person takes on the responsibility over what the other person will think.         

This was just one example, but there are certainly a number of them. The inner dialogue may be wise to consider whether there really is my problem. To be generous and share the problem is not a good solution because then both persons have problems.

The moral is: Do not wear problems that are not yours.

 

 

Are you looking for knowledge you will find it  
In the stuttering literature you write about everything except the feelings that might be considered "fuzzy" in the research context.                  

It's also very much about the fact that everything you need to know is recorded in different contexts. It´s "only" to take in adequately. Speech therapists can help you in different contexts.            

Scientists are good for the riddle's solution, and more research is requested than they do today.

A person who truly embraced what speech therapists told him I met in a therapy group at “The South Hospital” in Stockholm - he had realized that the way he lived his life, it was not surprising that he stammered. I mean that there is a lot of knowledge on the subject. The problem is to assimilate it, take it seriously even though there may be diffuse. What if it would be so bad that the "riddle´s solution are countless factors that can each be of great importance.

Maybe there's something for you to consider in this book in your search for understanding, help or relief.

Do not be a victim or a scapegoat

It is complicated to live and it's easy to fall outside the usual norms. In the end it's always the group you are in or want to enter that is the norm. Rules always exist some of them are invisible, and this can go wrong properly.                   

When it's something that goes bad there will always be a good reason and it may be at first, but is the solution over time there is a vacuum. The most experienced know that the situation is dangerous and ultimately unsustainable. No shadow must fall over me so what´s best is to ignore the problem. You don´t want to be concerned with it and refer to others. It's not long before there is a scapegoat who is not just anyone. Usually it is a person who for some reason finds it difficult to defend himself or it is a strong character person who wants to be firm as a God. Once the boss, in its way, endorsed him as "bully victim" he becomes everyone's game.                     
Mankind has sought his scapegoats since time immemorial. They become "the solution of the problem.” There are always the minorities who suffer.     

The scapegoat unfortunately serves a useful purpose in mankind. Much misery is channeled through him.       

To Establish Your Borders

Ability to put an end to things is the key to a sense of dignity and self-esteem. You are somebody, you have identity but also integrity. Live your life like everyone else. Go to work and home to the family. If your life looks in a different way it isn´t wrong either. 

How strange it maybe sound it is up to you to decide over your life, what you do and what you plan to do. In order to feel as good as possible, the starting point is that you know how you should manage your life. Make sure the distance to the person you are talking to is convenient when you speak to him. Look at his face, his eyes, what do they say? If you don´t dare, you can watch his mouth, but it is not as good.

                     
The question is how much the person communicating with you shall have the pleasure to experience you. In the actual communication, it is common to read one another. The question is how much you dare to show. Where is the limit? And are you the one who decide upon it? At home it is perhaps easier to set limits on family members. If you are tired take a nap. If anyone is too eager to get your attention you have the ability to say no. But if this is the case then meet again some other time later in the week. Do you get tired however when you are on your work it becomes trickier. There it is not so easy to walk away. Ideally speaking you should not get tired at all giving the chance for the ghost stutterer lurking and want to come out. In view of your disability it may be wise not to place assignments requiring a lot of talk during the "tired" conditions - cancellation may be an option.                     

Consider what is important to you when you set limits in your speech. What do you need to feel good. You grow when you dare to be clear. Setting limits and saying no is to create space for what you want and need.            

The responsibility to set boundaries is yours - it is about learning the surroundings so that they treat you well. If you're respected you feel calm and secure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STIG`S TOOLBOX:

                     
- Establish your own comfort zone.

                     
- I stand up for myself!

                     
- I do what I want, but only when I feel it´s right.

- I take myself seriously

- My value remains even when I say NO.
- You are welcome to consider about things but      choose the right one.

- Stig Lindh's silver bullet "Respect yourself" - is recommended in difficult situations.

- If it is too difficult just accept the situation

- Who owns the problem?

DO NOT BE MAD at everyone and everything, because if you do not become angry, you need not process the anger.

"WHEN YOU ARE ALONE behave as if you have honored guests, like when you have honored guests behave as if you are alone.”

- A clear identity is very useful.
Bad habits?
Unfair exploitation

I don´t like taking advantage of stuttering to get time to think. It is a time that the normal speakers do not have. Then the stutterer has got an advantage that is questionable. 

Uninvited socializing on the phone          
Is it so that the length of the call suggests that there is an interaction via the handset, both parties shall be aware of this and accept it.

 

Lyssna

Läs fonetiskt

 

Ordbok

                       

 

The film "Is Stuttering Something to Get Hung Up On?"

The title is taken from my award-winning film from 1989.                     
The content of the movie is about my social network. I let them answer the question: "Is Stuttering Something to Get Hung Up On?" The camera that I used was purchased in Florida.      

The film is based on my innermost circle, my mom, dad and brother. All are unfortunately deceased why the film has greater significance for me than what you believe. When my family and partner had said what they thought was worth saying I widened my network with the doctor who said we were more alike than different, my dentist that I still go to, my workmates at the Swedish Construction Firm. The most sensational meeting was with the playmate that I had as a child and that I had contact with after 35 years who told me why I started to stutter. The movie ends abruptly by the sudden uncontrolled accumulated stutter.  

My creative movie title has for some time been used by the Swedish Associations Organization´s home page.  

Everything in moderation

The title could be the book's title but was eventually rejected by me.  But I really think it has much to do with trying to be a little bit right. The word moderation is very Swedish and it is only we in the world who knows what the word actually means. In stutter context it could be to not stutter too much, not to falter in ugly, have your own tolerance, not demand too much of yourself, do not require too much of others who, in turn, can backfire on yourself. Important is not to be too extreme, equally important is not to be too pale in your image.               

Presumably, a lot of insight is required to live as "Mr Moderation" and the honour you have to get yourself.

                                          
Everything in moderation is the best         
Anger is the most dangerous feeling. Freud argued that all people have an inborn inherent anger that occasionally must be let out. If we don´t we get physical or psychosomatic symptoms such as chronic stutter. We may be the quiet type, which we sometimes read about in the newspapers, who finally explode by anger and make the most bestial crimes one can imagine. There are psychologists who believe that anger must be channelled. Football and hockey are sports that most people accept for letting your anger out. Here research has shown that it does not reduce the anger, on the contrary, most active sports men are more aggressive the days after the matches than before. To live out the anger that we see it on film, a little scream or throw something in the floor, it would make us more prosperous? There is no indication that anger reduces, rather the reverse. Everything indicates that the anger is getting worse. To live out your anger often does not result in anything. If you never share your anger, you will eventually have even bigger problem. Moderation is best.

                       
The anger is playing a significant role in our lives according to psychologist Jenny Jägerfeldt. It sounds a warning that something is wrong so that we are not indifferent to a situation that we need to change and it marks for others where the limits are so that we will not be treated unjustly or are offended. In the choice between becoming angry sometimes, even though it could have negative consequences, or that never get angry, can have even worse consequences.                     

I have actually encountered people who show too much anger. What the reason is for their anger I can only speculative in , it can be inherited but also socially conditioned - to them, I would like to give the this piece of advice:        

Do not get angry at everything and everyone! The advantage is that anger not awoken never needs to be processed.         

Everything is not just black or white, there is actually a grey area. When you are there you need not be or feel badly - it works all right

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METHODS OF SPEECH PRACTICES

 

 

Stutter therapies, courses and methods of speech practices             
It is sad to have a title called methods of speech practices. It would have been better if it said "stutter therapies." Stutter is so much more than a method of speech practise. It is also sad that so many have a fixation on technology. My experience is that the technology we use is only for a certain period. It is often during the period that I go into treatment. If I have used the technique for a long time it can degenerate into a gimmick and then the forces of the technology are forfeited. There are also many therapies that do not use any methods of speech practices at all.                

Intensive stutter therapy  
Technology NNT (Normally Slackened Speech) is part of stutter therapy for those who wish. The goal of the therapy is to become an expert in your own stuttering. You get the means and tools to take yourself working with your stutter. It is a long-term work that continues at home. The goal is to be able to say what you want when you want and in a manner you enjoy.                      

The working form is the personal conversations with your speech therapist, smaller and larger group conversations. By exercises of drama, oral presentation, interviews, video, elocution and role-playing you try to change your stutter. The goal is to make it smoother and easier.         

This is stutter therapy at a high level. Speech therapists are working in teams. The technology NNT can be used for personal preferences. Time for treatment can be reserved in their "Technology Laboratory.” The staff group as such consists of people with advanced training and often with experience in individual therapy or earlier Intensive stutter therapy. You need a letter of referral from a doctor which makes it difficult of access. After three times therapy the course in the group is closed.          

“Evaluation of intensive stutter therapy  
“To understand that the stuttering is something that is possible to handle” is a questionnaire answer a  participant, with problems of stuttering, gave after participating in the Intensive stutter therapy for Youths.   
 The therapy means that patients have the option of having their stutter, their communications and virtually the entire way to relate to situations and people. In the course of the therapy the youths play a part in different communicative contexts and have opportunities to take up and possibly pursue various adjustment and stabilization processes applicable to stutter, attitudes, acceptance and self-confidence.    

I have learned to accept my stutter, to dare to defy it. “What do I care if someone remarks that I stutter" says one voice. The project has been able to establish that the treatment method has had positive significance for the participants.” / / Working for Intensive stutter therapy.

 

 

 

The Academy of Stutter Free Speech

The Academy of Speech is a non-profit organization that offers 3-4-day courses at cost a few weekends a year. The course is located to places with access to buildings with large rooms and possibility to stay overnight.

                     
Stutter-free speech activities are led by the speech therapist Åke Byström and his team in the Academy of Speech in Linköping. The organization is  smaller but more fuzzy than the established organization. They have managed to develop a classic therapy for a modern therapy.         

The downside of their success is that they have brought back classic flotation therapy. The therapies which were the original reason for the first stuttering association were to see the light of day.     
Åke Byström considers his courses as introduction to further studies. He believes that a major training effort is required for several years. Moreover, it should be in the group because it is too difficult to take on the task alone, given that it is about to acquire a new behaviour of speech. It is like learning a new language. By comparison, there is a study showing that it takes at least 600 hours before a beginner can speak a little English.            

The three foundation stones                    
Foundation stones for developing fluency in speech is control of tempo, co-articulation and tempo shift. 

The Academy of Speech´s ten points:      
BASIC SKILLS: Breathing, Pause, Relaxation  and Phrasing.                

THREE ASPECTS OF THE VOICE: Voice Quality, Voice Mode and Voice Strength.       

THREE ASPECTS OF THE SPEECH: Pronunciation, Tempo and Rhythm.                     

For some, these ten points seem to be a collection of words that do not go together - just too much - but over time exercise provides both knowledge and skills.                     

Has your speech improved by The Academy of Speech?

The result of Gunnel Andersson's survey is: Surveys were sent to 46 people and 18 answers came in return. Most of all I found positive opinions. The exercises are easy to train. A soft, social image is noticeable, being together is appreciated. The attitude is that it should be fun to work with the speech.

One of the survey questions was about to describe to someone what The Academy of Speech is about. “What would you say?” One person replied: "To learn how to speak.” Another said: “I meet stutterers from the whole of Sweden. We live in nice places. The social relations are good. Nice drills and leaders. Relaxed. Positive is also that the cost for the participants is reasonable.”

                       
One participant estimated different therapies´ efficiency on a scale of 1-10. Speech Processing 2, Speech Academy 5, McGuire 10. Most felt themselves to achieve improvements. It also showed that there were those who felt the course's positive impact as a fresh product - a criticism shared by other therapies. The participants were overwhelmingly positive for the therapy. The investigation is more fully described on the Internet.     

A woman says she learned belly breathing - basically - pause often, have eye contact, get the listener to understand that I am not ready, there will be more. Voice technology is used and "rest breathing rythm,” then you feel calm and decide to speak in two words phrases, three words phrases etc. We are working in pairs. These repetition exercises we say in rest breathing rhythm. The partner controls the other by the hand to take it up and down - normal to below normal tempo pace. We know that we have control of our speeches. If recurrence occur workout at home is recommended.                     

The course covers Speaking circles, where participants form a group of 5-6 persons and they are working 10-12 passports a day. We talk for two minutes and then we get applauses. It is only positive feedback.   

The Academy of Speech is a welcome but limited therapy in the course form "in the moral management,” which means that the stutterer without consultation and in a relatively easy way can participate when it is offered.

 

 

McGuire program                   
Record of Michael and Kenneth lectures:   
David McGuire is American and "father" of the technology with the same name. The cornerstone of the technology is the breathing. Being targeted by his "program" you can get rid of your stutter in a few weeks, he said at the World Congress in the town of Linköping.              

Another cornerstone is not to avoid anything. The method is tough. The stutterer who stutters on a word will be prompted to write it up and then use that word in all the contacts until it feels safe. Anyone who goes to bed without having worked with his problems can easily get into a downward spiral.  
McGuire is a complete solution, which consists of several parts. One part is that we ensure that we can breathe. We practice a breathing that works even when we are afraid. When there is a blockage  we interrupt and start all over again. The reason for it being so important is that the reflexes for the new pattern of speech become fluent speech. Situations that we fear we are looking up. We regard the speech similar as a sport, if it is not good, we try again. We are also working with the mental part.   
McGuire is a course in 4 days - just breathing - 14 hours of work per day to break the behaviour of speech that everyone has within him. On the third day you have to make100 contacts in the city. The results have not failed to appear, the difficulty is to keep it after the end of the course. A coach is appointed to each one. If you have participated for a long time yourself you must become coach. To get more power for the coming day´s trials exercises by breathing for 10-15 minutes are recommended. Mikael concludes by saying that the method is not suitable for all people. And everyone is not cured. Those who sign up are usually pretty chastened people.

                     
The cost is a one-time cost the lives out of about 10 000 kr. After that follow-up programs are arranged with a low fee.        

Mikael has suffered from his stutter since he learned to speak. Before he joined the McGuire-program the problem of speech affected all his life. Now he has got self-confidence back, but healed, he is not.       

Kenneth says that he is working at a major company as project manager, which means that he must talk a lot. Last year he stopped to stutter after a McGuire course. He starts the day with 10-15 minutes of breathing exercises. At the slightest tendency to stutter, he stops and tries again. "Sometimes I have to raise the comfort zone,” he says. The previous experiences of stutter therapies extend to the "3-4 therapists" where one is a female therapist.                      

Here's how it works:          
Blow out the remaining air. Resist the pressure of time. Clarify your feelings about each situation of speech. Establish eye contact or look for a focus point. Full, fast and quiet inhalation, perfect timing. Start talking. The first sound is decided, please do not hesitate to continue talking, deep voice, articulation, blow out the remaining air (to be able to start again).

The method exists in Norway and Ireland, but other users are also in Sweden. The Stockholm Association has members who diligently practice the technology.

                       

McGuire method judged by the M-L Lundgren: She says that it is an important addition to the usual stutter therapy and recommends it for the people who are dissatisfied with their fluency of speech and has a stutter problem, but a strong will to get rid of it, taking full-time responsibility and be prepared for change and a lot of hard work after the course and regularly participating in the "Refresher" courses. My positive judgements might appear provocative. What happens for example with people who do not succeed? - Do not know! Long-term effects? - The program has been going on for about 5 years, evaluations are in progress.                  

The academy of speech and McGuire "After the three days´ course I was almost free of stuttering," says Akbar. "The difference was significant, moreover, I had a better voice. It was tough because I was only 17 years old. Then I practiced every day but quickly fell back. It was like something was missing. TV4 showed a program about McGuire that I was interested in so I put myself into it. After I had passed the McGuire course, I made a speech in my class. "But with hindsight he says that the McGuire method was too hard for him - a disaster." I and some other young people have stopped using the method. We were probably too young - this he says after five years.

 

                     

Star Fish Project                     
An English McGuire similar technology for all ages but especially it is adapted for young people aged 12-16 years who have parents in company.

Organizers are Anne and David Blight and voluntary "refreshers" - technology trainers. All courses are taken place in England for three days. Operations are conducted non-profit taking a one-time cost for all time of £ 250 not including food and accommodation.

Anne pays attention to the participants that there is no real cure to stutter so that the stuttering does not disappear completely, but by using breathing techniques, you get a better control of your stutter. Parents also learn the technology. Once back at home the idea is that they become the child's most important aid.           

Intensive non-avoidance    
All the talking about stutter and stutter treatment is inspired by non-avoidance. The difference is the program´s effectiveness. Exercises in town have usually been preceded by training with a special breathing belt. Then the technique is practiced in the stores, they ask people on the street, or make telephone calls to any familiar or unfamiliar person.           

The technique is simple and the contents consist of:     
Give yourself time. Don´t stretch. Breathe out. Believe in yourself - keep self-image. Prepare yourself for what you want to say. Keep good eye contact. Make a deep heavy breathing, so that you notice that the ribs give way to air in the lungs. Speak immediately after the inhalation with intense voice, 3-4 words per out-breathing. Let the remaining air.                

Most people who have undergone the course have made progress and don´t want back their former stutter.

Do you want to know more or watch a film about the project, visit www.starfishprojekt.co.uk   

The DAF-system and T Wolf

(Delayed Auditory Feedback)

                     
Reduce your tempo of speech.

Do not think of words or sentences in advance.

Speech is here and now with rest breathing.                     

Do I want to work with the problem to get rid of my stutter?

DAF - I teach myself with delayed tempo of speech.

You have to say no in order to gain time.

The device helps me to keep a low tempo of speech.

You are practicing one hour per day.

This device helps you to receive the tempo of speech.      

I want to be a person who will be able to speak without stutter.

                     

 

Dr. Fluency project               
Computer based method of speech training is available from the therapist Helena Wästlund. The program begins with a three-week intensive course with board and lodging. You borrow the computer program and practice for one hour per day for a year with frequent feedback to the course management as well as with more meetings during the year.

The idea is to strengthen your control over the speech and the situation of speech by a number of fundamental technologies: the extension of syllables, breathing rhythms, practicing soft approaches, reduced air pressure, soft transitions between syllables and words and repeating the word instead of fighting through a blocking. During the treatment the speech tempo will gradually be increased again when the new technology is learned. The computer training and training of speech is taking place in a group.                  

Stromsta’s technique      
This therapy means that we will prepare the second sound, and prolongs the first one, then combining the two sounds while maintaining air flow.             

Prepare the other sound

Courtney Stromsta believes that the stutter mostly consists of repetitions and that the stutterer is not prepared for the other sound. It means that he can not do the transition from the first sound to the second one. The normal speaker is preparing for the second sound automatically. Also stutterers do but not all the time. As you know most stutterers usually have more fluent speech than stuttering. Is the ambition to speak fluently, he must also learn to always prepare for the second sound. According to Courtney Stromsta extensions, blockings and all the other symptoms of stutter are reactions to the basic stuttering.

 
What I like very much is that he has the same view as I have regarding what is triggering the stutter   "The circumstance that generally several people are required for triggering stutter behaviour - not many stutterers have difficulties in private - turns attention to the interpersonal relations and thus the relationship between stutterer and listener. What distinguish situations of speech with stutters involved from normal speakers is that stutterers tend to disparage themselves in relation to the listener.”

 

He wants the client to acquire a lighter form of stutter. In doing so the following elements are observed: Lift the pressure of time by adding optional breaks, reduce the tensions in connection with the stutter, do not require fluent speech but have some margin of safety, go on and say the word you are afraid of instead of stuttering, adapt to the more fluent speech.

After Courtney Stromsta´s visit to Sweden Stockholm Stutter Association practiced the "Stromsta therapy" in the form of a circle activity for two years. The technology is popular because it is relatively user-friendly. Anyone who wants to work with the technology must go to the United States of America.